2 Chronicles 10-16: Rehoboam, Abijah, and Asa

2 Chronicles carries on recounting or simply giving a parallel account of what happened in 1 Kings but it’s not as straightforward as the last few. There are some extras in some chapters and other things that are glossed over or not mentioned at all, like the kings of Israel. Yep, the split happens in these chapters like the ones they correspond to in 1 Kings but it only keeps up with the kings of Judah.


Chapter ten

This corresponds to the beginning 1 Kings 12 and recounts the division of  the rest of Israel from the house of David. They continue to reign over Judah.



Chapter eleven

The 1 Kings 12 account covers some of this chapter as well. Specifically, it also goes over God telling Rehoboam to not go up against Jeroboam and the rest of Israel to make them one nation again but He was the one who made it this way. It had previously seemed like Rehoboam had Judah alone, but this has Benjamin with them as well. Then there’s also a bit about the Levites and the priests coming back. Not sure if this is a permanent thing or if they just come back when it’s time for the sacrifices and such.

As opposed to the previous account, this one ends with a brief description of some of Rehoboam’s family, naming wives and daughters.


Chapter twelve

This chapter recounts the end of 1 Kings 14 where Egypt comes and plunders Judah and Jerusalem. In 1 Kings, there is just that the Shishak of Egypt comes in and takes everything, but this one suggests that it would have been much worse if Rehoboam didn’t beseech God for help and God agreed to not destroy everything but still give them a lesson. It also ends with Rehoboam’s death but again the books that are mentioned to have his other accounts are different. This time they are “the chronicles of Shemaiah the prophet” who was the prophet they appealed to when Shishak was there and the chronicles “of Iddo the seer” who was also mentioned at Solomon’s death.

Also the name of his successor is different. It was Abijam in 1 Kings and now it’s Abijah. It seemed like, and the study portion of my Bible agrees, that they’re still the same person though.


Chapter thirteen

This entire chapter corresponds to the first paragraph of 1 Kings 15, also mentioning Abijah/Abijam’s mother’s name but also spelled a little differently. The 1 Kings version doesn’t have the awesome speech that Abijah gives to the people of Israel when they and Jeroboam attempt to do battle with them nor the great victory that God gave them. Instead, that one has that they were not faithful to God nor had they given Him their whole hearts.

This one has a great speech though:

Hear me, O Jeroboam and all Israel! Ought you not to know that the LORD God of Israel gave the kingship over Israel forever to David and his sons by a covenant of salt? Yet Jeroboam the son of Nebat, a servant of Solomon the son of David, rose up and rebelled against his lord, and certain worthless scoundrels gathered about him and defied Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and irresolute and could not withstand them.

And now you think to withstand the kingdom of the LORD in the hand of the sons of David, because you are a great multitude and have with you the golden calves that Jeroboam made you for gods. Have you not driven out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and made priests for yourselves like the peoples of other lands? Whoever comes for ordination with a young bull or seven rams becomes a priest of what are not gods. But as for us, the LORD is our God, and we have not forsaken him. We have priests ministering to the LORD who are sons of Aaron, and Levites for their service. They offer to the LORD every morning and every evening burnt offerings and incense of sweet spices, set out the showbread on the table of pure gold, and care for the golden lampstand that its lamps may burn every evening. For we keep the charge of the LORD our God, but you have forsaken him. Behold, God is with us at our head, and his priests with their battle trumpets to sound the call to battle against you. O sons of Israel, do not fight against the LORD, the God of your fathers, for you cannot succeed.

This time only the “story of the prophet Iddo” is mentioned as a place to find the other “acts of Abijah, his ways and sayings”.


Chapter fourteen

This chapter opens up Asa’s reign and that he went back and cleaned house for God to be with the people of Israel. It also includes battles with the Ethiopians that were not mentioned in 1 Kings 15.


Chapter fifteen

Asa’s story continues with tearing down some more idols of other gods and “repaired the altar of the Lord”. It also recounts a similar story from 1 Kings 15 about his mother, Maacah, being removed as queen mother on account of her creating an idol.


Chapter sixteen

This one ends the story of Asa for this book, which was a mere two paragraphs back in 1 Kings. This chapter covers the events of the second paragraph his dealings with Baasha and Ben-Hadad. This one has him getting reprimanded by a prophet for making a deal with Ben-Hadad instead of relying God to get rid of his enemies like had been happening for many years up to that point.

When the chapter speaks of his death, it does cite “the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel” as the other place to find the acts of Asa. I would assume they mean First and Second Kings but with the Bible and the way names like these could be reused throughout the years, there’s no telling if we have a similar or the same or entirely different version of those books.


Chapter links go to the ESV translations at Biblehub.com but I’m reading from the ESV Global Study Bible, which is available for free on the Kindle Reading App.

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