If 1 Timothy 2:12 is translated as prohibiting women from claiming the power of origin, it fits with the refutation which follows. Women are forbidden to teach that female activity brought man into existence because, according to the Scriptures, Adam was created first. Eve, for all her desire to bring enlightenment, did not bring gnosis but transgression. This would gainsay the tenet held by some Gnostics that certain women had a special revelation. Such an interpretation harmonizes with other instances where Paul first indicates a heresy and then refutes it: 1 Corinthians 15:12–57; 2 Timothy 2:17–19; 1 Timothy 4:3–5; and Romans 3:8.